Finsbury Rifles

Finsbury Rifles in Gallipoli: 1 October to 4 October

Location: AGHYL DERE (Anzac)

Date: 01.10.15
Trenches shelled about midday and also between 16.00 and 19.00; less than a dozen shells in all no damage done. From 16.30 onwards heavy bombardment of Hill 100 to Sandbag Ridge; observation made by ? and reported to Brigade. At dark two officer patrols sent out on a special mission to fix flags with proclamations in Turkish attached, as near enemy line as possible. Both successful; one reported coming into contact with an enemy patrol and both heard sounds of digging. Night quiet. Digging parties of 1/5 Bedfordshire employed throughout 5 hours on trenches and new ? 2 men to hospital.

Date: 02.10.15
Day quiet until about 17.00 when our trenches vigorously shelled during the daily bombardment of Sandbag Ridge. Some damage done to parapet and one man wounded. Patrol and output reported all quiet to our front at night. Work on trenches as previously and R.E. continuing barbed wire entanglements. Sickness again on increase and eleven men to hospital. Lines linked during day by Lieutenant Birdwood, commanding ANZAC.

Date: 03.10.15
Two shells burst over trenches during day, otherwise quiet. Enemy did not reply to bombardment of Sandbag Ridge started at 17.00 but enemy aeroplane appeared over dunes at 17.30. Officer patrol sent out to move forward one of the flags flanked by ? succeeded in task but saw into enemy outpost and was forced to open fire; it ? without incident. Work on trenches ? through workers of 1/5th Bedfordshire Reserve Coy. Barbed wiring continued by R.E. General routine work as usual. 11 men to hospital. ? of expected arrival of small reinforcements received.

Date: 04.10.15
At 09.00 trenches somewhat heavily shelled for 15 minutes, then whole line swept by rifle fire for ½ an hour. No signs of enemy attacking. A fair amount of damage done to trenches but no one injured. Officer patrol went out at dusk from Barricade and proceeded towards spot where outpost had been located previous night, they failed however to locate enemy. Work on trenches as usual. One man killed and 16 to hospital. Night quiet.

311 London Regiment, Finsbury Rifles, on parade. October 1915

3/11 London Regiment, Finsbury Rifles, on parade. October 1915 © IWM (Q 53821)

More Information

On October 1st, the Finsbury Rifles remained in post at Aghyl Dere (‘Sheep pen river).  Aghyl Dere is for much of the year a dry riverbed rising up from the beach between layer upon layer of steep and jagged hills. It had been the scene of heavy Allied and Turkish casualties in early August when it was the route chosen by the British for part of a surprise night attack to capture high ground held by the Turks. The attack failed and the two sides, by October, were still steadily strengthening defensive positions facing each other.

The Finsbury Rifles battalion took turn and turn about in the front trench line with the 1/5 Bedfordshire Regiment, another battalion in their Brigade. While the Rifles were at the front, their task was to ensure the security of the line, both by vigilant observation and improvement of the trenches (digging was a constant activity for both sides at Gallipoli- see the powerpoint with A.P. Herbert’s poem Digging- A Song of the Spade), respond to any enemy attacks when necessary and send out patrols to detect any enemy activity. When the Bedfordshires relieved them, the Rifles went back down the hills to their base camp which was never entirely safe from the Turkish big guns, but at least less cramped than the trenches.

The soldiers passed fit for duty at Aghyl Dere now numbered under 400 men in the Finsbury Rifles, under 250 men in the Bedfordshires, barely a third of those who had landed just two months ago.  The vicious fighting at Suvla, and then the sickness, mostly dysentery and diarrhoea, had killed many and taken many others to hospital. Those remaining often faced a sort of half life as they tried to recover while still remaining on duty.

They all looked so ill, poor devils, that it required a heart of stone to send the lighter cases, say of simple diarrhoea, back to duty. ….my heart used to bleed as I watched some poor, diarrhoea stricken, emaciated skeleton, with sunken lack-lustre eyes and unsteady gait, accept without murmur my decision that he must return to duty, pick up his kit and slowly return to the stinking pestilence-stricken, ill-constructed trenches.

Norman King-Wilson 88th Field Ambulance RAMC

Blog Post

Finsbury park man in Gallipoli: newspaper story

Islington Daily Gazette and North London Tribune
30th September 1915

Finsbury Park man in Gallipoli
How he dodged the snipers
“The extravagance or a wash.”

If the British Tommy at the Front is asked when he would like to come home, he would reply, “When the Germans are whacked.” The phrase is one uttered a few days ago by an officer recently returned from the scene of hostilities, and the epistles sent home by the men who are successfully waging war across the water indicate that that is the spirit permeating those who are to-day defending us .

A letter received by Mr. and Mrs. Balsom, of 27, Hermitage-road, Finsbury Park, from their son Trooper E. V. Balsom, attached to the machine gun section of the City of London Yeomanry Rough Riders, and now in Gallipoli, is a case in point. The writer reports that he has just reached a rest camp after having been in the trenches some days, and is recuperating in a dug-out.

“Last night,” he proceeds, “when we arrived it was only about two feet deep and considerably smaller in area. We had carried fairly heavy loads and had dodged snipers by intermittent runs and rests, so that we were rather tired and in a terrible bath of perspiration. However that is a mere nothing, and by now we are used to doing heavy navy work at a moment’s notice. So we set to and cooled ourselves down by digging a foot deeper in the dark! With that we were content and proceeded to fit ourselves in. My word; it was a squeeze. Sardines in a box are not to be compared with it. Not even a case of “When Pa says turn we all turn,” because turning was almost impossible and, in addition, our feet were climbing up the foot of the hole somewhere, sort of waving in the breeze. Nevertheless, with our haversacks filled with bully beef tins, & c. , as pillows, it was not long before we were asleep, and altogether it was one of the best night’s rest we have had for many a long day.

We were up early this morning and hard at digging again. It was not long before our comfortable dugout became an accomplished fact. This makes the sixth I have worked on in less than twice as many days.

Trooper Balsom gives a few sidelights on life in the trenches. “The way troops in the firing-line fare was one of the greatest surprise to me,” he writes. “Here is roughly, the daily issue: -Good bully beef and desiccated vegetables, or tins of cooked beef and mixed vegetables in ample quantity; good quality biscuit – sometimes of the whole meals sort, but larger; a liberal supply of rasher bacon – the best we have had since mobilisation: tea and sugar sufficient for about three pints of tea per man per diem; and a sufficiency of jam. Some of the infantry round/about us actually had fresh bread and meat suitable for frying as steaks. That, of course, was an occasional luxury, but when we remember the difficulties of transport it is truly marvelous. The men do their own cooking, using the boxes the supplies come in as firewood, and it is surprising how expert one becomes in doing quite a lot with just a few sticks. On one occasion I had three hot dishes at one meal. These consisted of fried bacon with desiccated potatoes soaked, boiled, strained and fried in the fat; biscuits broken up, soaked, mixed with sultanas, and made into a sort of bread pudding; and a pot of hot tea.  How’s that for active service! Matters, as a whole, were fairly quiet, and we had a good well not far off with an ample supply. The only draw backs were snipers and stray shots, of which there was a constant fusillade. Still, a little care, precaution, and a lot of good luck-call it Providence if you like / landed us through our first experience quite safely without a casualty in the section.”

Trooper Balsom refers to the fact that not only the middle classes but the well-to-do are doing their bit at the Front.

“Amongst, the men with whom we were more directly associated,” he states, “were some awfully nice fellows-gentlemen of education and station. They were very kind to us, and we were a bit to reciprocate, to a certain extent, and that put matters on an amicable basis. It was quite a treat, after months of being snubbed and imposed upon, to find ourselves suddenly appreciated and looked to as an important unit. The other people of the Regiment are beginning to realise this now, and the men have shown themselves most anxious for news of our welfare.”

Some of the experiences of our fighting men are humorous if not always pleasing to those primarily concerned.

Trooper Balsom tells of an incident where the water-supply was somewhat limited. ”We were hoping that on getting back to this cam,” he observes, “we should have an opportunity of a wash and perhaps a shave, but in this we were mistakes. There is sufficient water for drinking and cooking purposes, but not risks are takes by allowing the extravagance of a wash. I almost doubt if you would recognise us at first sight. Our last wash was in the sea the day after we landed (11 days) and our last shaves were on the transports, about a fortnight ago. You can therefore imagine the beards and the shade of our skins. Mind you, it would not be so bad if only one of us had brought a comb; then we could cultivate our hair to some style to which it lent itself.”

The writer, proceeding, refers to the Army as a wonderful organisation – a most extraordinary, complex system. “The order of one day,” he states, “is liable to modification all the time until it is actually executed. At the same time it is a little novel to see the staff officers – with their smart decorations and fine military bearing – unshaved! War, as we see it here, is a great leveller of men. In appearance, there is little to choose between a moderately tidy private and the officer of this section.”


September: we remember

Using data from census records, war graves and war memorials we can begin to discover the names of those from the historic boroughs of Finsbury and Islington who died at Gallipoli.

In September we remember the death of:

Finsbury Riffles


Rifleman B. Miller


Rifleman J.H.C. Davis


Rifleman J. Mott


Corporal Edgar Robert Dunn
Son of the late Serjt. Maj. G.H. and Mrs. E.E. Dunn of 23 Avenue Rd., Brentford Middx., Native of Reading
Aged 22


Rifleman R. Eames


Lance Corporal Maurice William Barstow
Perhaps lodging with brother Percy and his wife at 94 Bertram Rd., Hendon (1911 Census)
Aged 21
Clerk, Stock Exchange in the 1911 Census


Rifleman F. Syring
Son of Mrs. Syring, of 68 Granville Rd., Wood Green, London
Aged 21

Other Regiments


Serjeant W.J. Piggott
Corps of Royal Engineers – 11th LONDON DIY
74 Desborough Road, Eastleigh, Hampshire


Private William Lovelock
London Regiment – 10th (County of London) Battalion (Hackney)
24 Winchester Road, Lower Edmonton, London


Private Edward Hyatt
South Wales Borderers – 2nd Battalion


Private Sydney Coan
Royal Army Medical Corps – 1st/2nd Welsh Field Ambulance
11 Allensbank, Crescent Heath, Cardiff


Private Bertram Maurice Rogers
Royal Fusiliers – 2nd Battalion
211 Glyn Road, Clapton


Private Alfred Small
Prince of Wales’s Leinster Regiment (Royal Canadians) – 6th Battalion


Private Louis Lionel John Siegenberg
East Lancashire Regiment – 6th Battalion
72, Napier Street, Shepherdess Walk, Hoxton


Private Reginald Shakery
Hampshire Regiment – 2nd Battalion
211 The Grove Hammersmith, London


Private Robert Owen Buckle
London Regiment – 10th (County of London) Battalion (Hackney)
29 Durrant Street, Hackney Road, London


Private Ernest Thomas Day
Essex Regiment – 1st Battalion
10 Station Crescent, West Green, South Tottenham, London

Finsbury Rifles

Finsbury Rifles in Gallipoli: 22 September to 30 September

Location: AGHYL DERE (Anzac)

Date: 22.09.15
Hostile aeroplane over trenches about 11 am. Between 4.30 and 5.30pm heavy bombardment of lines. Two men wounded, one machine gun out of action and damage done to parapet of trenches in parts. At night small parties of Turks again seen in neighbourhood of advanced post. Two officer patrols sent out in early morning but without result.

Date: 23.09.15
Battn. relieved by 1/5 Beds between 5 and 6 am proceeded to old bivouac in Divisional Reserve where day spent in settling down. No fatigues. Capt Collins invalided home with pulmonary affection[sic].

Date: 24.09.15
150 men provided for work on new supply road during day. No signs of improvement in health of troops. Lieut Heilgers to hospital. Much firing on our right during early hours of evening and many shots fall in bivouac; one man slightly injured.

Digging fatigues at night as usual in front line trenches. 14 men to hospital and effective strength of Battn. reduced below 300.

Date: 25.09.15
Quiet day. 20 men to hospital and many on light duty. Camp inspected by ADMS. Fatigues as usual night and day becoming increasingly difficult to obtain necessary numbers of men. Heavy gun fire during night.

Date: 26.09.15
Fatigues as before and ordinary routine inspections in camps. Battn. paraded at 3pm for Divine Service. Apparent improvement in health of troops, only 8 men to hospital. Uneventful day and night.

Date: 27.09.15
Bivouac shelled at intervals throughout day with shrapnel and high explosive, the latter apparently from 6 in howitzer. No damage done. Bombing course re-started under officer of 1/5 Norfolks. Fatigues and routine as usual. Very heavy firing on our left in early hours of evening but no alarm. 8 men to hospital.

Date: 28.09.15
Orders received for relief of 1/5 Beds R. following morning in firing line. Quiet day and night. Australian trenches visited by 1 officer and 1 NCO. Machine gun course started under Lieut. Hooke. 3 officers of this unit attend. 4 men to hospital. Fatigues during day only.

Date: 29.09.15
1/5 Beds.relieved at dawn. Lines inspected at 10 am by GOC. Divn [General Officer commanding the Division]. Trenches heavily shelled by shrapnel from 4.30 to 5pm, little damage done. About 5pm. Sandbag Ridge bombarded by our howitzers with little effect. Quiet night. Nil report from officer patrol and out at 9pm. Good progress made on trenches by Coy of 1/5 Beds in local reserve. No men to hospital.

Date: 30.09.15
Trenches shelled at intervals during day ineffectually but whole line heavily bombarded at 8pm and two men killed and wounded. At dusk big fire noticed near Apex and clouds of smoke coming towards our trenches, Battn stood to for ¾ hour as a precaution any measure. Remainder of night quiet and nil report from patrol, one man wounded in advanced port, & 4 to hospital. Usual routine and much work on trenches by ourselves and parties of 1/5 Beds.

[September War Diary signed off by Lt Newton again]


More Information

By the end of September the Finsbury Rifles had suffered terrible losses from the fighting in August and diarrhoea and dysentery. Only 300 men remained fit from a battalion that probably numbered 800 when they sailed from Liverpool.

For more information about the problems of disease at Gallipoli look at


Archive Blog Post

Canonbury rate collector’s adventures: newspaper story

Islington Daily Gazette and North London Tribune
16th September 1915

Canonbury rate collector’s adventures
Somewhere in Gallipoli
Cake badly wanted.

We have received a copy of a letter from Mr. R. A. Jordan, the Canonbury rate collector, who is serving “somewhere in Gallipoli.” He writes:-

I have landed at last. We arrived at Alexandria and embarked to his point to effect a new landing.

I was on one ship with about 100 others and we were put into small boats and were towed in a line shorewards. Every chap was merry and bright, but Mr. Turk was not in the mood to let us have a fair sailing.

He had our range, and boom, a whistle and a splash; and we knew that after all these months we had struck war.

It was no good. Though the shells went all round he did not get a bull’s eye.

When we landed the boys marched off and I had to stop for all the stores to come from the other ships.

All the day the shells came all over the place, but I had the good luck to escape. One shell caught a poor fellow and wiped him out and also wounded four others.

It had turned twelve at night ere I left and found the others, and I can tell you I was absolutely tired out.

In the morning I took a party to the beach to draw rations. All the other quartermaster-sergeants did the same, and when we met we numbered and looked a big party.

Mr. Turk soon sent a message that we should scatter. I can tell you that at the first message we did very quickly, and all the time we dodged out and got the stuff on to the carts the pumped shells into us.

In less than an hour he put twenty-two out of action. We do not go there now in parties.

Yesterday we advanced towards him with the battleships in the bay covering the advance. The ships threw shells at half-minute intervals, with what effect I cannot say.

All the scrub caught fire and at night all along the Turks’ ground was one mass of flames.

Then we realised what it must be for the wounded lying about. Good God, it must have been awful! I trust that they were soon out of their misery.

Our regiment had forty-six casualties, including Sergeant McGloston, of my troop, who was killed. He was shot through the head by a sniper. He would not takes his stripes off and pencil them on his tunic as we have done.

I have heard that it is much better, as Kipling says, to roll on to your rifle and put yourself out of the way rather than fall into the Turks’ hands. I have not seen any case myself, but the tales we are told as to what has happened to prisoners, wounded or otherwise is terrible.

Grub is good, but the water is awful and dysentry is very rife. Well, I suppose it will all end in due course, but am afraid that the loss of life must be totalled up in thousands are the job is over.

There is one thing asked for here, and that is cake. We would go through the whole Turkish line if we knew we could get a feed of it there. It seems rather strange, and it is an extraordinary taste.

Do not worry: we shall, with luck, pull through all right.

Finsbury Rifles

Finsbury Rifles in Gallipoli: 15 September to 21 September

Location: AGHYL DERE (Anzac)

Date: 15.09.15
Uneventful day. Night fatigues as before, number of men available 150 only. No improvement in health of battalion. Australian trenches visited by Capt Windsor. At dusk Lt. Lord and party returned from N.Z Inf. Bde, no casualties during stay. Bathing continued.

Date: 16.09.15
Uneventful Day. Fatigue parties provided as usual for work on new mule road and sap in Hampshire Lane. Orders received for relief of 1/5 Beds in fire trenches at dawn on 17th Bathing parties as before. Capt Tattersall to hospital with dysentery.

Date: 17.09.15
Relief of 1/5 Beds effected between 4 and 6 am. Trenches shelled between 9 and 10am. 1 man killed by shrapnel. Three men wounded by snipers in communication sap. Major Malcolm, RAMC,to hospital with acute diarrhoea. Quiet night.

(Note: Major Malcolm, the Battalion’s Medical Officer, never recovered, but died in hospital at Malta.)

Date: 18.09.15
Camp shelled between 10 to 10.30am, no casualties. Uneventful day but much firing on our flanks at dusk, following bombardment of enemy trenches on Hill 100 Sandbag Ridge: one man wounded. Night quiet.

Date: 19.09.15
Quiet day and night. Lt Col Byrne to hospital with diarrhoea. Capt Windsor assumes command of Battn. Trenches visited by ADMS [Assistant Director Medical Services]. Still much sickness. Voluntary Church Parade in afternoon, about 20 attended.

Date: 20.09.15
Uneventful day. At night parties of 1/5 Beds engaged on deepening and otherwise improving fire trenches. Arrival at base of 9 officers from England reported. Effective strength of Batt reduced below 400.

Date: 21.09.15
8 officers from 2nd Batt arrive. Uneventual day. Small party of Turks seen at night working near ‘C’ Coy trenches. Fire opened on them and two bombs thrown. Party dispersed and one killed. Working parties of 1/5 Beds engaged during night and day on trenches. Over 20 men to hospital. One man sniped and one accidentally shot.

Archive Blog Post

Holloway man who was killed in action: Newspaper Story

Islington Daily Gazette and North London Tribune
14th September 1915
Holloway man who was killed in action
Chaplain’s letter to bereaved mother

Mr. W. B. Parker who has already written in regard to the death of Mr. Alfred Jones – a Holloway man who was killed in Gallipoli – adds us the following further particulars:

Alfred S. Jones was the mounted orderly to General Baring, and was exceedingly popular with his brother yeomen of the Hertfordshire Yeomanry…

The Chaplain (the Rev. C. Colin Hamilton) sends the following letter to the bereaved mother: –

H.M. Hospital Ship “Nevasa,”

23rd August, 1915

Dear Mrs. Jones / I am very sorry to have to tell you that your son Alfred Jones was very badly wounded in battle on August 21st. He was brought on board this ship that night, and died this afternoon.

He was quite conscious, and not suffering much, and talked to me for a long time this morning. His thoughts were all with you, and he was longing to be able to see you again, but he felt that it was not to be so, and he was content to leave it to God to do as He might see best.

I read him the 23rd Psalm and prayed with him; and he seemed at rest in his mind.

I was with him again when he died – there was no suffering or struggle then at all – and the nurse and I knelt by his side and commended his soul into God’s keeping.

You will be thankful to know that his last hour were so peaceful, and that everything possible was done for him: he was so patient and so graeful for all that was done for him. Almost the last thing he said to the nurse was to tell her that I had prayed with him, and how nice it was.

We buried his body to/night at sea, about five miles from Mudros Bay in the Island of Lemnos. A little group of us gathered on deck and committed his body to the deep, in the sure and certain hope of the Resurrection of the Body ( when the sea shall give up her dead) … through our Lord Jesus Christ.”

May He and His infinite pity and mercy give you and yours His comfort and strength in your great sorrow. – Yours very sincerely.

Colin Hamilton, C.F.

Milner Square

The Premiere of through the hole in the wall: Life in Milner Square 1935-1975

The premier of through the hole in the wall: Life in Milner Square 1935-1975 was held at the Screen on the Green, Islington Green on Tuesday 8th September.


It was a full house attended by all those who had contributed to the film including the interviewees and their families and current residents who allowed the film to be shot in their flats. Guests from Age UK Islington, Islington Pensioners’ Forum and Veterans’ Association were also invited to attend.24

After the screening an afternoon tea supplied by Marks and Spencer was held for the attendees at the Islington Town Hall.(photos Tony Oudot)

For more information on this HLF funded project visit the Milner Square project or contact


Finsbury Rifles

Finsbury Rifles in Gallipoli: 8 September to 14 September

Location: AGHYL DERE (Anzac)

Date: 08.09.15
About 1am. Advanced post retired and reported enemy advancing. Whole line roused and stood to arms but no attack made. At 3am advanced post sent out again and reported all quiet. In early morning white flag brought in. Remainder of day quiet and without incident.

Date: 09.09.15
Uneventful day. Warning received that enemy positions in front of our left would be bombarded at dusk, but nothing done.

Date: 10.09.15
Orders received that battalion would be relieved following morning by 1/5th Bedfords also that rifle and machine gun co-operation was to be given to bombardment postponed from previous day. About six pm, about a dozen shells dropped near enemy redoubt on Hill 100 but little damage done, shelling then ceased. One corporal killed and two men wounded by rifle fire.

Date: 11.09.15
Battn. relieved by 1/5th Bedfords. ‘A’ Coy took over 2nd line trenches held by 1/5 Beds but relieved shortly after by 161st Brigade. Day spent in cleaning up bivouacs. At dusk two fatigue parties of 50 and 150 men sent out. Lieut Ford and 50 men proceed to N.Z Inf. Brigade for temporary attachment.

Date: 12.09.15
Battn. paraded for Divine Service at 11am. Remainder of day resting. At dusk two digging parties of 125 men each placed at disposal of O.C 1/5 Bedfords. Lieut Akerman and two men wounded during digging. Permanent fatigue party for N.C.O and 12 men provided for Divisional water depot. Nominal effective strength of batt.reduced to under 500 men. Much sickness still prevalent.

Date: 13.09.15
Close order and arm drill by companies. All available men after dusk employed on various digging and road making fatigues. Routine work as usual. Much sickness.

Date: 14.09.15
One man killed and one wounded during morning digging. At night fatigues as previous day but under 200 men available. Sick parade of over one hundred, mostly diarrhoea and dysentery. Batt drill during morning; day otherwise as normal. Bathing during day.

Carrying the wounded on stretchers from hospital to the jetty for transhipment to the Hospital Ship. © IWM (Q 13449)
Carrying the wounded on stretchers from hospital to the jetty for transhipment to the Hospital Ship. © IWM (Q 13449)


Finsbury Rifles

Finsbury Rifles in Gallipoli: 1 September to 7 September

Location: AGHYL DERE (Anzac)

Date: 01.09.15
Very uneventful day. Second line positions inspected by C.O. Experimental bathing parade returned without incident. Digging continued at dusk but interrupted about midnight by heavy firing all along the front line.

Date: 02.09.15
Quiet day. Numerous bathing parades return without casualties. Digging continued at night in force. Much sickness in camp.

Date: 03.09.15
Orders received to take over first line trenches from 1/5 Bedfords at dusk tomorrow. Positions inspected and four Coy [Company] Commanders proceed to trenches in afternoon to remain until arrival of the battalion. Digging continued at night as before. ‘C’ Coy withdrawn from their second line trenches.

Date: 04.09.15
A quiet day but a few men wounded by stray bullets; still a good deal of sickness about. Battn paraded at 4.30pm and proceeded to take over first line trenches held by 1/5th Beds relief completed by six pm. Uneventful night.

Date: 05.09.15
Ordinary routine work in trenches. One man wounded. Uneventful night.

Date: 06.09.15
Quiet day. Advanced post and listening patrol both report no movement in front of lines. Digging party of 1/5th Beds engaged during night on trenches linking left and centre subsections.

Date: 07.09.15
Quiet day. White flag noticed in front of right of line. All attempts to communicate therewith unsuccessful. At night attempt made to fetch in flag but failed. At 6pm trenches in right half of centre subsection taken over by 1/5th Norfolks who had taken place of 1/4th Northants in Brigade. A certain amount of digging by enemy about 1000 yards in front of our line noticed and reported.

More Information

The presence of illness and disease, especially dysentery, was widespread at Gallipoli. Brought on – and exacerbated by – the unhygienic living conditions, rotting corpses and huge numbers of flies, few soldiers escaped untouched. It sapped men of their strength and resulted in thousands of soldiers being evacuated off the peninsula.

A Royal Irish Fusilier attempts to draw the fire of a Turkish sniper to reveal the enemy position, Gallipoli, 1915 © IWM (Q 13447)
A Royal Irish Fusilier attempts to draw the fire of a Turkish sniper to reveal the enemy position, Gallipoli, 1915 © IWM (Q 13447)